Interpretation OF Land Transport Logistics
Land transportation logistics and transportation technology mainly includes transportation facilities and transportation operations. The former belongs to the hard technology of transportation and the latter belongs to the soft technology of transportation. The hard technology of transportation mainly includes the improvement of transportation infrastructure, such as roads, railways, sea transportation, transport vehicles, etc., while the soft technology of transportation includes management methods, logistics technology, logistics personnel literacy, etc.
The railway plays an important role in the national transportation construction, with the eight vertical and eight horizontal railway channels as the main framework of the road network to be constructed (eight vertical: Beijing-Harbin, Coastal, Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon, Dazhan, Baoliu-Lankun channels; eight horizontal: Beijing-Lanzhai-Tibet, coal transport north, coal transport south, land bridge, Ningxi, riverside, Shanghai-Kunming and southwest sea access). By the end of 2002, China's railway operating mileage had reached 71500 kilometers.
The highway construction has achieved remarkable results. From 1985 to 2001, the new highway mileage was 493000 kilometers, with an average annual growth of 30800 kilometers. At the end of 2002, the total mileage of the national highway reached 1761000 kilometers. The mileage of expressways has reached 25200 kilometers.
The length of inland waterway transportation line reached 121500 kilometers in 2002. By the end of 2002, there were 33450 productive berths in China's coastal and inland rivers, including 822 deep-water berths. The number of productive berths in major ports increased by 1.1 times compared with 1989. By 2002, the cargo throughput of ports across the country had reached 2.68 billion tons, and seven ports had exceeded 1 million standard containers (TEUs), including more than 8 million TEUs in Shanghai Port and more than 7 million TEUs in Shenzhen Port, all of which ranked among the top ten largest container ports in the world.
In 2001, there were 1143 air routes and the total length of air transport routes was 1553600 kilometers, 2.78 times that of 559100 kilometers 10 years ago (1991).
The total length of oil pipelines in 2001 was 13272 kilometers, 1.55 times that of 1992 10 years ago; The total length of oil pipeline is 14283 kilometers, 1.85 times that of 1992; the total length of oil pipeline is 27555 kilometers, 1.74 times that of 1992.
Many transportation hubs and logistics parks built and under construction, such as the logistics base centered on 45 main highway hubs of the Ministry of Communications, and the construction of local modern logistics parks, are accelerating.